Today, former Commissioner for Human Rights at the Council of Europe, Thomas Hammarberg, received the European Civil Rights Prize of the Sinti and Roma at the Federal Foreign Office in Berlin. The prize endowed with 15,000 euros was awarded by the Documentation and Cultural Centre, the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, as well as the Manfred Lautenschlńger Foundation. The special award endowed with 5,000 euros went to Romanian journalist George Lacatus.
Hammarberg, who held office as Commissioner for Human Rights until 31 March 2012, said in his acceptance speech that prejudices against the Roma are still widespread and continue to fuel discrimination and hate crimes. Politicians and opinion makers, in particular, must therefore avoid any stigmatising rhetoric against this community. "Repression of the Roma in the past has been the product of racism and intolerance," said Hammarberg, who went on to stress our obligation "to learn from history and not repeat the terrible mistakes of the past." The laureate stressed that collective scapegoating must stop. In his study published in February 2012, Hammarberg writes, "no European government can claim a fully successful record in protecting the human rights of the Roma. Roma continue to suffer from widespread discrimination and anti-Gypsyism which feed the cycle of disadvantage, exclusion, segregation and marginalisation."
Please find the press release and a picture of the event attached (from left to right: Thomas Hammarberg, Manfred Lautenschlńger, George Lacatus und Romani Rose). Photographs have been taken by Jens Jeske. Please find all speeches and texts on www.buergerrechtspreis.de or www.civilrightsprize.com. You can find the speech of the Minister of State on www.auswaertiges-amt.de.
Romania: kindergarten seen as key to fight Roma poverty
Romanian children, members of Roma community, play during class at the local kindergarten in Araci village, 200 kms north from Bucharest, in March 2012. A food coupon of about 12 euros a month ($15) is given to families living below the poverty level for each child who attends kindergarten daily -- a measure that has led to average 89 percent attendance records.
Romanian children, members of the Roma community, ride on a horse pulled cart back to their homes in Hetea village, 200 kms north of Bucharest, in March 2012. In this deprived village of central Romania, the number of children enrolled at the kindergarten went from 89 two years ago to 174 today thanks to a program developed by NGO Ovidiu Rom in partnership with the local community.
Romanian children, members of Roma community, sing during class at the local kindergarten in Araci village, 200 kms north of Bucharest, in March 2012. Almost 49 percent of children aged 0 to 17 are at risk of poverty in Romania, the highest rate in the European Union, according to figures published by the European statistical office Eurostat in February.
Romanian children, members of Roma community, have breakfast at the local kindergarten in Araci village, 200kms north from Bucharest, in March 2012. Continued discrimination against this minority of two million leaves the country's Roma children vulnerable. Only three percent reach high school, the education ministry said.
AFP, 03/04/2012 - "Storks and swallows," the kindergartners in this Transylvanian village cry out when asked what birds arrive in springtime, then proudly count to 20 -- unaware they are part of an experiment to help Roma children beat the odds of a life mired in poverty.
The class might seem unremarkable but in Romania, one of the European Union's poorest members, early schooling is now seen as "an important step to fight the vicious circle of poverty-school-failure-poverty", Szilard Dullo, the director of the school in Araci, told AFP.
The idea is simple: poor children who attend kindergarten enter primary school better prepared, with the same skills as other youngsters, which reduces their chance of failing.
This central Romanian village was the first to try out the idea in 2010, developed by a non-governmental organisation, Ovidiu Rom, in partnership with the local community. It has seen kindergarten enrolment more than double in two years, from 89 children to 190 today.
Romania has the EU's highest rate of children 17 and under living in poverty -- almost 49 percent, according to figures published by the European statistical office Eurostat in February. This compares to 27 per cent in the EU as a whole, 29 percent in Britain and barely 14 percent in Finland.
Continued discrimination against this minority of two million leaves the country's Roma children vulnerable. Only three percent reach high school, the education ministry said.
"There are a lot of parallels between what happened in the US with the black Americans and what happens in Romania with the Roma", the US ambassador to Romania, Mark Gitenstein, told AFP citing the "devastating legacy of slavery".
Like blacks in the southern US, Romania's Roma were reduced to slavery and emancipated only in 1856. Many still live in dire poverty, as in Araci and the neighbouring hamlet Hetea where they occupy wooden shacks without running water or sanitation and often only a plastic sheet for roofing.
Typical are Costel, 5, and Abel, 6, who live with their two older brothers and father and mother, Aurica Koskodar, in a one-room hut she painted yellow inside and decorated with flower garlands to cheer up.
The youngsters sleep in the same bed and wash in a bucket of cold water their mother fetches at a nearby pump, sometimes waiting for an hour behind other families queuing for water.
Neither parent has a steady job and the family survives on social benefits, like 1,600 of the 4,000 people living in Araci and nearby villages.
"Twenty years ago, there was still a collective farm where lots of people worked but it closed down," said Denes Balazs, the village social worker.
"I'm happy," said Aurica, 30. "Since going to school, the boys are better behaved. They recite poetry. I hope they have a better life than ours."
A monetary incentive has helped the program, as has involving Roma parents, many of whom where forced to leave school early and remain illiterate.
A food coupon of about 12 euros a month ($15) is given to families living below the poverty level for each child who attends kindergarten daily -- a measure that has led to average 89 percent attendance records.
The expenses are covered by donations from corporations and private persons.
"You cannot build a house without foundations. As far as education is concerned, kindergarten is the foundation," said Maria Gheorghiu, a Romanian education specialist who founded Ovidiu Rom with American Leslie Hawke, the mother of actor Ethan Hawke, who came to Romania as a US Peace Corps volunteer in 2001 and stayed on.
"If all children get the same opportunity from the beginning, the chances to succeed in school will grow," Gheorghiu told AFP.
She and Hawke launched "Every kid in the kindergarten", as the program is called, in 2010 and have vowed to keep it going for 20 years to try to effect real social change.
"You need only 440 euros to maintain one child a whole year in the kindergarten," Hawke and Gheorghiu said.
Today, 1,400 poor children in 20 villages across the country take part in the program, which the founders hope can be implemented elsewhere.
In addition to special teacher training, Ovidiu Rom asks parents to attend a lesson and a school activity or meeting at least once a month.
"Some parents were afraid of school ...Now we have a better relation with them. They see what their children are doing and they come with ideas and proposals," said Dullo, who has taught in Araci for two decades.
Teacher Iuliana Pargaru agreed. "Before coming here, I was told by a colleague that Roma parents do not care about school, but on the contrary they do everything they can to help."
Roma children in Araci had a 50 percent failure rate prior to the program's start, but Dullo said fewer problems are already seen in elementary school.
"In the south of the United States where I come from, we also heard things like, 'blacks do not want to go to school'," but today we have an Afro-American president who went to Harvard," said Ambassador Gitenstein.
"I believe that one day there will a be a Roma president in Romania. It might take time but this can happen", he said.
EU member states told to abolish 'discriminatory' labour laws
By Martin Banks
To achieve free movement, member states need to be pushed to do it - Adina-Ioana Valean
03/04/2012 - MEPs say member states and the European commission "must to do more" to enforce EU citizens' basic rights.
Such rights include moving to and living in another member state, standing for and voting in elections and petitioning parliament.
A resolution adopted by parliament is said to highlight "persistent problems" in a range of areas, such as free movement, the recognition of professional qualifications, access to information, non-discrimination, electoral rights and the free circulation of civil-status documents.
Comment came from Romanian ALDE deputy Adina-Ioana Valean who said, "In recent years, an increasing number of petitions have been registered in parliament with regard to problems encountered by EU citizens in exercising their right to free movement.
"There is a large gap between the expectations of citizens who take free movement for granted and the legislation to be respected. To achieve free movement, member states need to be pushed to do it."
The parliamentary resolution calls on EU countries to "remove existing legal and practical barriers" to the free movement of citizens and "not to introduce unjustified administrative procedures".
It also urges the commission to assess its free movement policies within the EU and goes on to say that a "voluntary European professional card" could facilitate mobility among Europeans.
Valean said that EU countries that continue to restrict access of Romanian and Bulgarian nationals to their labour markets should review the policy "as soon as possible".
The resolution continues: "EU countries should abolish policies and annul laws that discriminate against minorities, such as the Roma, on the grounds of race and ethnicity.
"Member states and the EU need to take joint responsibility for promoting and facilitating the integration of Roma communities, giving them the same rights and obligations as other EU citizens."
MEPs also said that "mass expulsions" breach the free movement directive, as well as contravening the EU's basic values and principles.
International Roma Day: EPP Group dedicated to making further progress on the inclusion of Roma. Joseph Daul MEP, Chairman of the EPP Group, and LÝvia Jßrˇka MEP
Commenting on the International Roma day on 8 April, the Chairman of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, Joseph Daul MEP, and LÝvia Jßrˇka MEP, the only Member of the European Parliament of Roma origin, stated:
"8 April is the International Roma Day, devoted to celebrating Roma history, culture and raising awareness of the situation that Romani people are facing. Though further progress shall be made, we have much to celebrate since last year. The adoption of the European Roma Strategy, and the creation of national action plans brings promise to the whole Romani community that the inclusion of Roma can become a tangible reality. The EPP Group, as before, is fighting at the forefront to make this happen."
"The socio-economic inclusion of our most excluded communities is not only a moral imperative and a staggering political challenge, but at the same time one of the most promising opportunities for our economies. Based on this recognition, the European People's Party was the first European-level political formation to adopt its own strategy on Roma integration in 2006, while in 2010 the EPP Group's Working Group on Roma Inclusion was formed", recalled Joseph Daul MEP.
"On 8 April, we remember the first international meeting of Roma activists in 1971, who gathered in Orpington near London. This inaugural session of the International Romani Union accepted the Romani flag and adopted the song 'Gelem, Gelem' composed by Jarko Jovanovic as an anthem. Since then, 8 April is the day to celebrate the Romani culture, to pay our tribute to the centuries-long common history of Roma and non-Roma and to raise awareness for the situation of Europe's largest, yet most marginalised ethnic minority", said LÝvia Jßrˇka MEP.
"Besides celebrating Romani culture, the International Roma Day shall also remind us of the challenges and everyday problems Roma society faces today throughout Europe. In this regard, we have much to celebrate since last year. As a result of the Hungarian Presidency's efforts, the European Union has recently launched the European Roma Strategy. The initiative is a milestone as it - compared to the approach of previous years - requires all Member States to implement national action plans for Roma inclusion. All EU countries must engage themselves in a concerted effort in order to overcome the historic social exclusion of the continent's largest ethnic minority", highlighted LÝvia Jßrˇka MEP.
"After the adoption of the European Roma Strategy, the successful launch of the national Roma inclusion strategies is next on the agenda. It is once again the EU Institutions' turn to act and further promote the rapid launch of tangible and specific programmes under the auspices of the framework. The EPP Group is dedicated to making further progress on the inclusion of Roma and ready to provide all support on this matter. On the occasion of the International Roma Day, I call on all Member States and Roma people to do their utmost to act responsibly and make use of the opportunities provided by the European Roma Strategy", concluded Joseph Daul MEP.
For further information: Joseph DAUL MEP, Chairman of the EPP Group, Tel: +32-2-2847525 LÝvia J┴RËKA MEP, Tel: +32-2-2845218 Antoine Ripoll, Chairman's Spokesman, Tel: +32-475-856290 Delia Vlase, Chairman's Deputy Spokeswoman, Tel: +32-476-331038 Miklˇs Panyi, EPP Group Press and Communications Service, Tel: +32-473-866137
Notes to Editors: The EPP Group is by far the largest political group in the European Parliament with 271 Members.
Petra TAVASZ Assistant Press and Communications - Hungarian Press EPP Group in the European Parliament
03/04/2012 - The Media Legal Defence Initiative (MLDI), the UK-based organization which supports initiatives to enhance the legal knowledge, skills and effectiveness of those working in the field has announced a fundingopportunity to support NGOs around the world. NGOs working for legal assistance or litigation activities which safeguard or advance media freedom can submit proposals for funding support.
MLDI is working to elp build a strong global legal defence network for independent media and it is makes grants to support organizations and projects delivering legal support to journalists. Currently MLDI funds a small number of organizations based in Southeast Asia, Central Asia, Central Europe, Africa and Central and South America. The aim is to expand this network and achieve better local-level access to legal assistance for independent media outlets, journalists and bloggers who lack the financial means to access legal support at commercial rates.
MLDI is open to grant proposals from national organizations to pursue one or both of the following activities:
Provide legal assistance for independent journalists or media outlets who face legal proceedings because of their work;
Engage in strategic litigation to bring local law and practice in media cases in line with international standards on freedom of expression.
Priority will be given to proposals that respond to a demonstrated need on the ground, increase the geographical coverage of the Media Legal Defence Initiative and are likely to have a high impact on protecting media freedom.
Grants awarded by MLDI are usually for a 12-month period and range in size between GBP5,000 and GBP25,000.
E Roma ande e sasti luma keren selebracija pe akava baro dive ande e anav vash e persho Romano Lumjako Kongreso pe khedipe ande e Orpihton, pashe e London.
Kotar e 1971 bersh i decizija kotar e Lumako Romano kongreso buteder dela i forma vash amaro maripen pe amaro digniteto. Kotar e adava dives vazdela pes amari decizija pe amare principora pe amari decizija thaj kauza. Adava sikavela transnacionalno politikano kodo vash e avutne Romane generacije.
Kotar e 1971 bersh, amen lijam decizija te akharas amen Roma. Amen achas telal e zeleno thaj plavo /vunato/ flaga e deshushov chakrencar chuvde andre i rota. Amen gilavas amari himna so dela godi pe eho kotar e amari istorija pe sansari/miro/slobodija thaj khetanipe Amen vorbisaras Romane, amari chib si zurali thaj si dzivdo resuro te vorbisaras amare pejencar thaj pralencar ande e sasti luma. Amen sam temutne manusha. Amen sijam loshale so sam Romani nacija. Lijam obligacija te traisaras avere manushencar thaj naciencar ande e sansari/miro thaj mashkarutno respekto.
Akale vorbencar ande amaro vilo thaj gindo, e Roma ande e sasti luma shaj te keren o Internacionalno Romano dive khetane telal o moto,,Khetanipe ande e Tromalipe, Prosperiteto thaj Solidariteto!
Po 8-to April 2012, pe 12:00 chaso sa e Roma ande e sasti luma aven khetane trujal e paj kotar e lena thaj bare paja. Muken amen te kedas amen palik o izmiri odoleja so ka chudas lulugja ande e majpashi len vaj baro paj. Mukhen o spiriti/duho kotar e Internacionalno Romano dive te anel amen khetane!
Bari grupa kotar e Romane aktivistora ande e Budapesta ka khedel pes te frdel lulugja ande e len Dunav. Amen akharas sa e Romen te organizirinen khedipe kote so ka frden pes luluga, akaja informacija trubuj te bichalel pes thaj te ulavel pes majdur te shaj te inicirinen pes khetanipa mashkar e Roma ande e sasti luma.
The purpose of the meeting was to provide an opportunity for the civil society representatives to discuss and agree on joint messages to the European Union and national governments, to be communicated during the Extraordinary Platform Meeting.
The preparatory meeting focused on three major shortcomings related to the National Roma Integration Strategies: the participation of the civil society in the policy making processes, the National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) and anti-Gypsyism, and the involvement of the EU accession countries in the current processes.
The meeting resulted in a Communication that included the following recommendations to the European Commission:
NRIS cannot succeed without clear action to combat anti-Gypsyism, as this is one of the causes of exclusion that the strategies are designed to address. The Commission should ask the Member States within 6 months to come back with concrete plans to address anti-Gypsyism, in the context of the NRIS.
The Commission should promote empowerment, active involvement, and effective participation of Roma civil society throughout the process ľ from conception to assessment, and on all levels ľ from local to EU.
The Commision should request governments of the enlargement countries to review and submit their national strategies for Roma integration in line with the EU Framework for NRIS, and report on progress in the countries on this basis.
The Commission should ensure EU funds are efficiently used for achieving the goals of the EU Framework for NRIS.
“Let’s not accept another lost generation of Roma” -- UN experts
On the occasion of International Roma Day, Sunday 8 April 2012
GENEVA (5 April 2012) – “The time for action is now,” said a group of seven United Nations human rights experts on International Roma Day*. “We should not accept yet another lost generation of Roma girls and boys whose only expectations are lives of poverty, discrimination and exclusion and whose futures are dictated by negative stereotypes which commonly go unchallenged.”
“It is hard for Roma to shake off those negative labels and for wider society to see beyond them,” said the UN Independent Expert on minority issues, Rita Izsák, as she called on States to intensify their efforts and “identify, share and put into practice what is known to be working for the inclusion and integration of Roma communities.”
Estimates suggest that up to 12 million Roma live in Europe, and other sizeable populations live in Latin America, most of them at the margins of society.
“Effective practices are being employed on the ground every day but must be enhanced and replicated elsewhere,” Ms. Izsák said. “These include inclusive educational methodologies, the hiring of Roma mediators, concentrated investments in the most disadvantaged regions in which Roma often live, training and employment initiatives, and resources allocated for the promotion of Roma culture and media, just to mention a few.”
For the UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, Mutuma Ruteere, “racism, historical mistrust and persistent prejudices keep Roma and non-Roma communities apart and deepen the gap between them.”
“In these times of financial crisis, Roma are at risk of being made scapegoats for the difficulties in society. We need to prevent and confront racist behaviour that can result in violence against Roma. Legislation against hate speech and hate crimes is important to prevent and tackle the spread of hateful messages, including those on the internet, and to enable prosecution of the perpetrators,” he added.
UN Special Rapporteur on education, Kishore Singh, emphasized that “education can break the cycle of Roma exclusion, yet Roma children are frequently in segregated and poor quality schools, and failing in education compared to others.”
“How do we get every Roma child into a quality school where they are integrated and in a positive learning environment?” asked Mr. Singh. “Successful experiences exist, but to date they only scratch the surface of this long-standing problem and must be more widely understood and implemented with necessary pedagogic and financial support.”
“Roma life expectancy is often lower for Roma by ten years or more,” said the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Anand Grover. “We must challenge the status quo and ask what needs to be done to tackle discrimination and ensure better realization of Roma’s right to health. We should improve Roma access to health services and essential health information.”
“In some localities, Roma health mediators are successfully working to build bridges between communities, local authorities and health services. Such good examples should be applied in many other places,” stated Mr. Grover.
In the fields of extreme poverty, adequate housing, water and sanitation, the UN Special Rapporteurs, Magdalena Sepúlveda, Raquel Rolnik, and Catarina de Albuquerque expressed their concerns that Roma frequently live in poverty in the worst housing conditions, often under permanent threat of eviction, and with no access to, or inadequate, water and sanitation -- an environment that is detrimental to their health and opportunities.
“Recognition and legalization of established Roma housing and settlements and investments in infrastructure and services are essential but often lacking, while many communities face neglect and hostility from authorities,” the experts said.
The seven UN independent experts called for implementation of effective policies and programmes to protect and promote Roma rights in all countries with Roma populations. “Renewed commitment, targeted action and adequate resources should be devoted to resolving the long-standing problems, discrimination and exclusion faced by Roma communities,” they stressed.
“We urge Roma, governments and others to provide examples of policies, practices and programmes that have been demonstrated to work effectively to improve the lives of Roma as well as positive initiatives to improve inter-community relations,” they said in advance of International Roma Day. The experts encouraged governments to build stronger and positive relations with Roma communities and NGOs, and to consult fully with them when shaping sustainable solutions to the problems faced by Roma communities.
Training course for young bloggers and youth online activists Dates training: 20-27 May 2012. Location: European Youth Centre Budapest , Hungary Deadline: 19 April 2012
The Council of Europe Youth Department is launching a new flagship project 'Young people combating hate speech online' spaning over 2012 and 2013. The project aims to combat racism and discrimination in their online expression of hate speech by equipping young people and youth organisations with the competences necessary to recognise and act against such human rights violations. The project stands for equality in dignity, human rights and diversity. It is a project against hate speech, racism and discrimination in their online expression. Centred around a training course and online campaigning, the project stands for action and intervention. The project places young people and youth organisations at the core of action and initiative. It consists of a series of activities that complement and intertwine. The campaign will have an European dimension, but it is expected to have national and regional focus, therefore increasing the chances for real impact as racist and discriminatory content and speech is often distributed in local languages. The campaign should therefore ensure that the voices, experiences and concerns expressed at local and regional level have visibility and role in shaping the European youth policy agenda.
Essential to the campaign and the project is the training of online activists and bloggers that will be the core group in shaping and carrying out this campaign. The community of online activists gathered by the training course should shape and support the online campaign along with the other different features of the project. The first training course is taking place in the European Youth Centre Budapest between 20-27 May 2012.
We have launched now the call for participants for the first training course (attached to this email and available at http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/youth/) and we are calling on you to support us in distributing it as widely as possible through your networks and contacts so that it reaches as many as possible concerned young bloggers and online activists. The dead-line for applications is 19 April 2012.
You can contact me for further information about the project and the training course.
The Minorities Fellowship Programme (MFP) was launched by the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in 2005.
Through the MFP, the OHCHR aims to give persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities an opportunity to gain knowledge on the UN system and mechanisms dealing with international human rights in general and minority rights in particular. The MFP is intended to assist organizations and communities in protecting and promoting the rights of minorities the fellows belong to.
The Fellows are based at the OHCHR Geneva, Switzerland. The MFP is interactive and consists of briefings on several topics (e.g. the UN system, OHCHR work, human rights mechanisms and instruments), fellows also undertake individual and group assignments.
At the end of the MFP, the fellows should have a general knowledge of the United Nations system, international human rights instruments and mechanisms in general and those relevant to minorities in particular and be capable of further training their communities/organizations.
The call for applications for the 2012 OHCHR Minorities Fellowship Programme - English linguistic component - has just been published. Deadline for applications is 30 April 2012.
It’s been over a year 76 families, the majority Roma, were forcibly evicted from the centre of the city of Cluj-Napoca in Romania. Over half of the families were re-housed in new housing units on the outskirts of the city in the New Pata Rat area, close to a garbage dump and a former chemical waste dump, in inadequate housing conditions. The rooms are overcrowded, they do not provide protection from damp and mould and the sanitation facilities are inadequate. 36 families, including the authors of the blog entry, were not provided with any alternative housing. Most of them had to construct improvised homes. They have no access to water, sanitation and electricity. With only a verbal agreement from the municipality and no formal title to the land, they live in a fear of eviction and of losing their homes again. Two young Roma who experienced the eviction shared it with us their story during the recent mission to Cluj-Napoca.
“The forced eviction from Coastei Street nr. 18 started on 15 December 2010. We aim to be as brief as possible in describing the traumatising event which took place from 15 to 17 December 2010.
In the morning of 15 December, we were woken up at 6.00 am with repeated knocks on the door, by the communitarian police, the public order police and gendarmes. The latter informed us that we were going to be allocated social housing, and so we were to go to the local Mayor’s office to be registered.
On16 December, a communitarian police unit patrolling Coastei Street used microphones to announce the disaster which was about to take place the following day. We all spent the night very worried and scared, not knowing what was going to happen to us.
The next day, early in the morning, an impressive number of police forces arrived on Coastei Street, joined by the local authorities. We were overwhelmed and terrified by the number of police officers that arrived as if a local match between famous teams was taking place. Following pressure and verbal threats from the local authorities, we accepted the housing they proposed without knowing the exact location and the condition they were in.
It was at that moment I realised that thirty other families including myself were not on the same list as our “blessed” neighbours, who had been allocated a “roof“ above their heads. We were taken to the location by bus and presented with a twenty square metres lot destined for housing construction. The local authorities verbally gave us the consent for construction and promised they would provide us with some help (labour force, building materials). In the end, we received ten planks and two beams per family. Abandoned on a freezing cold at -20 degrees [Celsius], we all felt not only the extremely cold air, but also a sentiment that cannot be described in words. Two years on, we are still left with ten planks and two beams and the same feelings we had on 17 December 2010.
From the thirty families which received twenty sq. m. lot, only some families managed to build a house without help from the mayor’s office, who did not stick to the promise to provide us with an official document for the received lot, that would indicate our legal status and would allow us to install the necessary utilities (water, electricity), or and to apply for an identity card at this address.
Following our relocation in the vicinity of the garbage dump and the former chemical waste dump, we can barely breathe in the mornings and evenings, and we risk developing diseases. The lives of the children and adults are at risk. A few people living in the New Pata Rât are already ill.
Added to this is the loss of employment, family doctors, access to public transport, decent living standards, loss of dignity and self-confidence. Still, we see adverts and various campaigns about the social integration of the Roma. We would like to take this opportunity to “thank” the local authorities for their help in our segregation and marginalisation.
We were already socially integrated when living in Coastei Street, we used to have jobs, the children went to high school, we had decent living standards, we had access to the park, etc. Here, by the garbage dump, we feel like in a ghetto, we feel discriminated against from all points of view”.
Doresc sa va anunt ca mandatul meu ca directoare a Romani
CRISS ia sfarsit luna aceasta, dupa 11 ani de activitate in cadrul fundatiei,
dintre care 6 de directorat.
Cred ca, pentru a
asigura respectarea principiilor democratice, succesul si dinamica
mobilizatoare a organizatiei, avem nevoie de schimbari la anumite intervale de
timp, de lideri care sa vina cuenergie
si idei inovatoare.
In anul academic
2012-2013 voi fi in SUA, unde am primit o bursa postdoctorala de studiu la
Mi-am promis de
multa vreme ca, la final de drum, nu voi incerca sa imi arog meritele din
ultimii 6 ani, asa ca nu voi prezenta programe si rezultate; acestea apartin si
sunt mostenirea Romani CRISS. In schimb, pentru a prezenta obiectiv dinamica
organizatiei din ultimii ani, prin intermediul donorilor Romani CRISS, am
realizat 4 evaluari externe ale programelor noastre, anume programul de
sanatate, cel de drepturile omului, programul deimplicare civica a tinerilor si activitatea
financiara. Toate aceste evaluari analizeaza stadiul de dezvoltare al
organizatiei, cheltuirea fondurilor si respectarea contractelor si a mandatului
Romani CRISS, fiind puse deja la dispozitia Consiliului Director al Fundatiei
si a donorilor strategici. Pentru o imagine completa asupra perioadei in care
am fost director, am solicitat Consiliului Director comandarea unui audit extern asupra cheltuirii fondurilor si
implementarii proiectelor conform contractelor pentru perioada 2011-2012, analiza
care urmeaza sa fie coordonata direct de
La sfarsit de mandat, as dori sa va comunic opiniile mele
despre cum as vrea sa ramana, sa devina Romani CRISS in anii care vor urma.
externa a activitatii de drepturile omului din ultimii ani, evaluatorul (fost
director la Human Rights Watch) remarca faptul ca Romani CRISS a ramas una
dintre foarte putinele organizatii de drepturile omului din Romania care si-au
pastrat un spirit critic constant si impartial fata de institutiile si
reprezentantii statului. Incurajez echipa Romani CRISS sa aleaga, si in viitor,
sa lucreze cu institutiile intr-un mod transparent si principial. Chiar daca de multe ori Romani
CRISS este o voce solitara care critica autoritatile atunci cand comit abuzuri
impotriva romilor, este esential sa continue sa faca asta; aceasta este menirea
organizatiei, chiar daca acest rol nu ne aduce vreun ÔÇ×premiu de popularitateÔÇŁ.
De asemenea, ÔÇ×febra
fondurilor structuraleÔÇŁ a incetinit dinamica, a birocratizat multe organizatii;
sper ca Romani CRISS sa-si continue mandatul de ÔÇ×advocacyÔÇŁ pentru romi, sa-si
mentina constant si vizibil interesul pentru documentarea cazurilor de
discriminare si, in acelasi timp, sa ramana competitiva pe o piata uneori neprielnica
si neprietenoasa pentru o organizatie roma de drepturile omului. Am convingerea
ca echipa Romani CRISS va contribui la munca de aparare a drepturilor romilor,
asa cum au facut si ceilalti peste 100 de fosti sau actuali membri ai Romani
Foarte multe dintre initiativele, tipurile de actiuni,
programele pilot ale organizatiei au fost preluate de catre alte organizatii,
au fost multiplicate, adaptate, asigurand cumva sustenabilitatea actiunilor
noastre. Provoc echipa la constructia unor programe noi, curajoase, atat pentru
copii si pentru adolescenti romi, dar si pentru construirea dimensiunii
culturale si identitare din perspectiva civica promovata de organizatie.
Miscarea romilor nu
e un spatiu tocmai primitor pentru femei cu opinii, cu atitudine critica. Sper
ca Romani CRISS sa promoveze in continuare femeile rome, atat in organizatie,
cat si la nivel local, in cadrul parteneriatelor si proiectelor. Acum, dupa 6
ani, imi dau seama cat curaj a avut fostul nostru director, dl Costel Bercus, atunci
cand a propus o femeie in pozitia de director, cunoscand foarte bine aceste
realitati. Ii sunt recunoscatoare atat dumnealui, cat si dlui Nicolae Gheorghe,
care mi-a spus la inceputul mandatului, in ziua in care am primit votul
Boardului, ca are incredere ca voi conduce organizatia cu demnitate si
corectitudine, asa cum ar fi facut si tatal meu. Reflectand la acest gand de
incurajare, la final de drum, pot spune ca am condus organizatia fara a-i pune
sub semnul intrebarii verticalitatea in domeniul apararii drepturilor omului.
Va multumesc tuturor celor care ati fost alaturi de
Romani CRISS in aceasta perioada, pentru sprijin, critici, idei, dezbateri si
contributii. Faptul ca marea parte a pozitiilor publice ale Romani CRISS au
fost dezbatute de dvs. uneori apreciativ, alteori critic, ne-a indemnat sa
mergem mai departe, fiind constienti ca opinia noastra conteaza. Am convingerea
ca veti sprijini si veti urmari in continuarea activitatea echipei, de data
aceasta sub indrumarea unui alt director.
tuturor celor care au contribuit sau vor contribui la realizarile Romani CRISS
si le sunt recunoscatoare celor care au fost alaturi de mine pe parcursul
Personal, voi fi mereu alaturi de ceea ce inseamna Romani
CRISS, asa ca le urez succes colegilor mei si ii indemn sa isi aminteasca, in momentele
grele din munca de drepturile omului, mesajul
lui Martin Luther King Jr.: ÔÇ×orice forma
denedreptate este o amenintare la
justitia de pretutindeniÔÇŁ. (Injustice
anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere).
CONGRATULATION BY THE PRESIDENT OF WORLD ROMA ORGANIZATION
JOVAN DAMJANOVIC REGARDING THE 8th APRIL – WORLD ROMA DAY
Belgrade, 6th April 2012 – I congratulate to all members of Roma community around the world on behalf of World Roma Organization and in my personal name 8th April – World Roma Day.
Despite the efforts that some countries and international institutions are investing, position of Roma in almost all countries of Europe and world remains on the social margin. Due to the global economic crisis, position of our community is even more jeopardized with overwhelming prejudges, unsolved housing issues, extreme poverty and difficulties during the employment and education. That’s the exact reason why World Roma Organization has been established – to facilitate development of Roma community on global level and present initiatives for solving of main problems that are pursuing our community.
I hope that our national community will wait next World Roma Day around world in better life environment, with less everyday problems, and with more reasons for a smile on the face.
United Nations Voluntary Fund 2013 Call for Applications
05/04/2012 - The United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery is now open to accepting proposals under its 2013 Call for Applications.
The Fund provides grants of up to $15,000 for projects aiming to provide humanitarian, legal and financial assistance to individuals whose human rights have been severely violated as a result of contemporary forms of slavery.
Contemporary forms of slavery include, inter alia, chattel slavery, serfdom, forced labour, debt bondage, the worst forms of child labour including children in armed conflict, forced and early marriage, sale of wives, widow inheritance, trafficking in persons, sexual slavery, sale of children.
Grants will be awarded to organizations providing direct assistance to victims of contemporary forms of slavery, including medical, psychological, legal, educational, social and economic assistance.
Applications from all regions will be accepted. All applications must be submitted in English, French or Spanish.
The Fund was established by the General Assembly in 1991 (A/RES/46/122) with the purpose to provide, through established channels of assistance, humanitarian, legal and financial aid to individuals who are victims of contemporary forms of slavery. The Fund is administrated by the Secretary General, who is advised by a Board of Trustees.
One of Europeĺs largest minorities, Roma continue to be amongst the most systematically discriminated and excluded groups across the continent. In both the East and the West, the Roma continue to face serious obstacles in accessing basic goods and services and securing their rights to housing, health care, education and work. Millions of Roma still live in informal settlements with no or inadequate sanitation,high levels of unemployment and limited access to health care services.
ę Joe Zimmer
Music is a strong part of Romani culture and is widely appreciated by audiences across the world. Through this album, Amnesty International is working with Romani people to make their voices heard, and help fight the discrimination and stigmatisation which the individual stories in this webpage illustrate.
Amnesty International asked Romani musicians to write or donate a song for this album. Please support our cause for Roma equality in Europe. Sharing this album helps tell the story of millions of Roma. Enjoy the music and take action yourself!
Romania: Forcibly evicted to the city outskirts in Cluj-Napoca
ôI was in Italy for work and I received a phone call to come as soon as possible, because they are demolishing our homes. I took a plane from Rome and arrived at 11.00 pm on 16 December 2010. Everybody had packed. They were told that at 5.00 am the municipal police will come. Whoever had packed would be moved normally. Whoever had not would be moved by force. I asked: ĹWhy are you moving us in the middle of the winter? Why are you sending us there with the garbageĺö? Florin, former Coastei Street resident, Cluj-Napoca
On 17 December 2010, in the middle of a harsh winter, 356 people, the majority of them Roma, were forcibly evicted by local authorities from the centre of Cluj-Napoca without any consultation or exploration of alternatives. The community was not notified in advance nor did it have the opportunity to challenge the eviction. The majority of the families were re-housed on the outskirts of the city in New Pata Rat area, in sub-standard modular housing, close to the municipal landfill and a former chemical dump, while those remaining were left homeless.
The forced eviction of the Romani community from Coastei Street is not an isolated case. Across the country, a pattern of forced evictions and relocation to inadequate housing conditions perpetuate racial segregation.
Sub-standard modular housing in New Pata Rat ę Amnesty International
Serbia: The Belvil community in Belgrade
ôI wish that all the Roma here get adequate housing and work, so that they can educate their children and live their lives in a normal way - and live without fear. For me, I would like to have a little house to call my own, a house covered with flowers, just a little houseůI am almost 60 years-old, but for as long as I can stand on my feet I will preach the truth and fight for human rightsö. Borka, Belvil settlement in Belgrade
The forced eviction of around 1500 Romani people from an informal settlement known as Belvil was initially announced on 30 March 2010. The settlement was to be evicted a month later to make way for an access road for a new bridge over the River Sava.
Following international pressure, the city authorities temporarily suspended their plans and held one information meeting in April 2011, when they assured the residents that the eviction will be carried out in line with international standards.
In March 2012, almost a year later, the city authorities told all residents of Belvil that they would be soon evicted. Some of the people already received eviction notices.
Since then they live in total uncertainty over when they will be evicted and where they will live.
PLEASE WRITE IMMEDIATELY to the authorities in Serbia in English or your own language:
1. Urging the city authorities not to forcibly evict the Roma families living in Belvil or elsewhere in Belgrade; 2. Urging them to undertake a genuine consultation with all affected people on all feasible alternatives to evictions and on options for resettlement, including the provision of adequate housing; 3. Urging them to ensure that evictions are undertaken only as last resort, and after all legal protections and safeguards are in place including a comprehensive resettlement and compensation plan for all those affected.
Iata raportul realizat de prof. Ionel Cordovan, secretarul Comisiei de evaluare, privind desfasurarea si rezultatele editiei a XIII-a a Olimpiadei Nationale de Limba si Literatura Rromani, derulata, in perioada 2-6 aprilie 2012, la Sanmartin - Felix (Oradea, jud. Bihor).
Multumiri tuturor participantilor, profesorilor din Comisia de Evaluare, profesorilor insotitori, profesorilor de clasele in care invata elevii, organizatorilor bihoreni si sponsorilor de mai jos, locali si nationali (MECTS, Reprezentanta UNICEF, Partida Romilor Pro Europa, ISJ Bihor, Fundatia Ruhama etc.), care au facut ca aceasta editie sa se desfasoare execelent. Special, de anul acesta, toti participantii de la toate competitiile
de limba si
istoria rromilor vor beneficia de cate o brosura cu detaliile legate de competitia respectiva. Alaturat, aveti aceasta publicatie, aparuta cu sprijinul Fundatiei Ruhama, in care veti regasi un articol privind istoricul cercetarilor de limba rromani, de istoria si cultura rromilor, al preocuparilor dedicate rromilor, atat cat s-a putut, in perioada comunista.
Stimati domni inspectori generali, - Dorel Luca, Nicolae Ungur-
La rugamintea domnului profesor Gheorghe Sarau, presedintele Comisie de organizare a Olimpiadei Nationale de limba rromani, va aduc la cunostinta cateva informatii despre acest important eveniment.
Anul acesta, a XIII-a edi┼úie a Olimpiadei na┼úionale ┼čcolare de limba rromani s-a derulat ├«n perioada 2-6 aprilie 2012, la S├ónmartin-Oradea, judetul Bihor.La aceast─â competi┼úie au participat 65 de elevi de gimnaziu ┼či de liceu din 26 de jude┼úe, insotiti de 28 de profesori.
Acest eveniment s-a bucurat de sprijinul urm─âtorilor ini┼úiatori, parteneri si sponsori:
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII ÔÇ×Constantin ┼×erbanÔÇŁ Ale┼čd
Liceul Tehnologic Dobre┼čti
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII L─âz─âreni
Grup ┼×colar Industrial ┼×uncuiu┼č
Liceul Teoretic ÔÇ×Nicolae JigaÔÇŁ Tinca
Colegiul Tehnic Vadu Cri┼čului
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Talpo┼č
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Girisul de Cris
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Bulz
Prim─âria Vadu Cri┼čului
Grup ┼×colar Industrial Suplacu de Barc─âu
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII Balc
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII Bogei
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII T─âuteu
Grup ┼×colar ÔÇ×Ioan BocociÔÇŁ Oradea
SC Astalux Oradea
Palatul Copiilor Oradea
Hotel Padis, Baile-Felix
Alti parteneri si sponsori (carora le trimitem, separat, multumiri scrise, de asemenea).
Multumim tuturor celor care au contribuit la buna desfasurare a acestui important eveniment.!
Felicitari elevilor pentru rezultatele obtinute si profesorilor care i-au pregatit!
Multumiri tuturor partenerilor si, in mod special, conducerii ISJ Bihor pentru implicarea de care a dat dovada.
Comisiei de Evaluare pentru activitatea depusa: presedinte - prof. univ. dr. Gheorghe Sarau, vicepresedinte - prof. dr. Ile Elisabeta, secretar - prof. Ionel Cordovan, membri - prof. Marius Caldararu, prof. Cinca Gheorghe, prof. Elena Radu, prof. Cretu Marin, prof. Mariana Dragomir.
de asemenea, profesorilor care au contribuit la sprijinirea acestui eveniment ca membri in Comisia judeteana de organizare, profesorilor: Gratiela Pop, Elena Duma, Florica Cretiu, Roxin Daniela, Adrian Covaciu, Copil Cristian, Ramona Varga, Fechete Gheorghe, precum si multor alti profesori si, nu in ultimul rand, multumim si domnului profesor Gheorghe Sarau pentru intregul efort depus in aceasta activitate.
mesajului, se afla Brosura revizuita a olimpiadei realizata cu sprijinul logistic si financiar al Fundatiei Ruhama, Oradea.
langa premiile in diplome si bani, oferite de MECTS, toti elevii concurenti - premianti si participanti - au beneficiat de premii in bani
acordati de Partida Romilor "Pro Europa".
Cu respect si multumiri tuturor,
secretarul Comisiei de Evaluare, prof. Ionel Cordovan
(Scoala Ineu, jud. Bihor)
Iata care sunt elevii incununati la aceasta editie:
Numele ┼či prenumele
An de studiu
Petril─â Daniel Samuel
CN ÔÇťArany JanosÔÇŁ Salonta
Brinkman Gianni Franco
┼×coala ÔÇ×Smaranda, Dumitru RomanÔÇŁ Vizure┼čti
Barna Ingrid Melinda
┼×coala General─â cu clasele I-VIII Bato┼č
Colegiul Economic ÔÇ×Iulian PopÔÇŁ Cluj
Constantin Denisa Florina
R─âdulescu Casandra Ionela
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII nr. 12 Lugoj-M─âguri
Mihai Bianca Maria
Colegiul Economic ÔÇ×ViilorÔÇŁ Bucure┼čti
Colegiul Na┼úional ÔÇ×A.T. LaurianÔÇŁ Boto┼čani
Cocora┼č Loredana Andreea
┼×coala General─â Ormeni┼č
Bechi Ancuta Niculina
┼×coala ÔÇ×Ion Creang─âÔÇŁ Tg. Frumos
Stoica Maria Eliza
Grupul ┼×colar ÔÇ×Oltea DoamnaÔÇŁ Dolhasca
CN ÔÇťArany JanosÔÇŁ Salonta
Truszkai Mihaela Florentina
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII T─âsnad, structura Sarauad
Kulcs├ír Rozalia Magdalena
┼×coala General─â Ormeni╚Ö
Bechi Ancuta Niculina
Ciurariu Bogdan Cristian
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII nr. 12 Lugoj-M─âguri
Dima Mihaela Alexandra
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII Nr. 2
Vaida Denisa Mihaela
┼×coala General─â Ormeni┼č
Bechi Ancuta Niculina
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII ÔÇ×Emil Dr─âganÔÇŁ Gradi┼čtea
Petrache Georgeta Laura
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII Nr. 2
Du┼úu Estera- Larisa
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII ÔÇŁDumitru I. IonescuÔÇŁ Calvini
Marin Elena L─âcr─âmioara
Bratosin Georgiana Simona
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII ┼×ute┼čti
╚ścoala cu clasele I-VIII Slobozia Bradului
Cocora┼č Sonia Aurica
┼×coala General─â Ormeni┼č
Bechi Ancuta Niculina
┼×coala cu clasele I-VIII ÔÇŁDumitru I. IonescuÔÇŁ Calvini
April 8th ÔÇô a day of fight against discrimination
International Roma Day was celebrated in Romania, in Sibiu by hundreds of Roma who demonstrated on the streets against discrimination, extremism and violence. The manifestations, organized by International Romani Union were part of the events of this day all over the world.
The Roma began their manifestations in Philadelphia Churh, where it took place a religious service followed by a seminar which presented the history of the 8th of April. April 8th was proclaimed the International Roma Day at the first World Roma Congress held in London from 8 to 12 April, 1971. At that congress was decided the creation of the biggest Roma organization, International Romani Union.
From the church, the Roma arrived in Sibiu from all over the country, started a march to the center of the city. First stop was on the bridge over the river Cibin, which crosses the city. Here, according to the tradition were cast flowers into the water in memory of the Holocaust victims of World War II, but also as a protest against the more and more aggressive manifestations of extremism and discrimination against Roma across Europe.
Then Roma continued their journey to the city center chanting slogans anti-discrimination and solidarity with the community from Dale Farm, which are currently subject to the process of forced evictions in the UK, without giving them any alternative housing. Now, in Dale Farm hundreds of families are living in open air.
The call for unity to those from Dale Farm was asked by the representative of that community, Mr. Grattan Puxon, former General Secretary of the International Romani Union. Moreover, on the banners carried by Roma in Sibiu could be read calls for unity and solidarity with the people at Dale Farm.
In the city center, on Nicolae Balcescu Street, Roma have made ÔÇőÔÇőseveral stops, sang and danced with the Roma singer Elvis Romano to show to the tourists the true culture of Roma. The tourists made a lot of photo in order to remember this event.
The culmination of day took place in Sibiu City Hall lobby, where was launched a doll specifically designed to resemble the Roma women. The doll is called Lulica, like the grandmother of Florin Cioaba, the Vice President of International Romani Union.
The doll is designed to create a unity between Roma and Romanian children, so there is any prejudgment towards the women dressed in traditional Romanes costumes.
ÔÇ×We tried to make the doll like Roma women, with colored skin, and with a rich and woven hairÔÇŽ We know that mothers tell to their children to be good, because other wise the gypsies will come, and when the children see a Roma woman dressed in traditional clothes they are very scared. But if they will have the doll in their houses, in their kindergarten, this wall of discrimination will be broken. We want to donate some of these dolls to the kindergartensÔÇŁ, Florin Cioab─â said.
At the end of the manifestations for International Roma Day, in the center of the city was held an artistic program, with traditional songs and dances, a religious concert and a poetry recital, performed by Luminita Cioaba.
By all these manifestations, the Roma demonstrated that they are unite in the fight against discrimination and extremism and they are a force which can be not ignored.
Unfortunately, we noticed that many Romanian leaders of Roma organizations, have hijacked the meaning of this day, making it an opportunity only for fun and party, and this to win public image and political capital, and they did not mentioned that this day was not proclaimed by the Romanian Parliament, or by the Romanian deputy Nicolae Paun , but it was proclaimed by those IRU leaderswho were presentin Londonin 1971, like dr. Jan Cibula, Slobodan Berberski, Vanko Rouda, Juan de Dios Ramirez Heredia, or Grattan Puxon.
We should thank to these people and to International Romani Union for the existance of this day.
Margareta Matache, directoarea executiv─â a celui mai important ONG rom din Rom├ónia ÔÇô Romani CRISS, consider─â c─â educa┼úia reprezint─â cheia integr─ârii ┼či ├«mbun─ât─â┼úirii situa┼úiei romilor din Rom├ónia.
Ea ├«ns─â┼či este o dovad─â a acestei afirma┼úii: provine dintr-o familie modesta, dar a reu┼čit s─â infirme toate stereotipurile ┼či prejudec─â┼úile despre romi. La 34 de ani, e licen┼úiat─â a Facult─â┼úii de Asistenta Sociala si Sociologie, a f─âcut un master ├«n politici sociale europene, un curs de diploma┼úie ┼či un doctorat la Facultatea de ┼×tiin┼úe Politice din Bucuresti. ├Än septembrie, va pleca la Harvard, celebra Universitate din SUA, pentru un post-doctorat pe o cercetare pe tem─â educa┼úiei timpurii.
Evenimentul zilei: Cum a reu┼čit o femeie s─â conduc─â cel mai bine cotat ong pentru ap─ârarea drepturilor romilor din Rom├ónia, domeniu ├«n care b─ârba┼úii au ├«nt├óietate?
Margareta Matache: Lucrez la Romani CRISS din 2001. Cumva, m─â implicasem ├«n acest domeniu, al drepturilor romilor, ├«nc─â din studen┼úie, ca voluntar in diverse proiecte, inclusiv la Asociatia Studentilor Romi. La Romani CRISS, am lucrat pe programe interna┼úionale ┼či reprezentam organiza┼úia la diverse reuniuni ├«n str─âin─âtate. Dup─â ani buni de munc─â ├«n activismul interna┼úional, ┼čeful nostru de atunci, Costel Bercu┼č, m-a propus pe mine, ├«n noiembrie 2005, s─â conduc Romani CRISS. A fost un act de mare curaj din partea lui, deoarece la acel moment, chiar ┼či acum, majoritatea liderilor sunt b─ârba┼úi .
Unul dintre cei ┼čapte membri ai Consiliului Director a fost ├«mpotriva ideii ca o femeie t├ón─âr─â s─â conduc─â organiza┼úia. Ceilal┼úi, ├«ns─â, m-au votat si m-au sustinut. Acest incident m-a ajutat sa pornesc la drum pregatit─â pentru ceea ce urma s─â ├«nsemne s─â fii femeie ├«n activismul rom. ┼×i acum sunt mul┼úi activi┼čti romi care promoveaz─â drepturile romilor, dar care sunt foarte reticien┼úi la ceea ce ├«nseamn─â opiniile femeilor sau ale altor minorit─â┼úi. Nu cred ├«n discursul acestora. Venim dintr-o cultur─â cu tradi┼úii, valori conservatoare vis-a-vis de ceea ce ├«nseamna rolul femeii ┼či ca mi┼čcare civic─â nu prea am reu┼čit s─â le r─âsturn─âm, au reu┼čit ├«ns─â multe femei prin eforturile lor proprii.
Av├ónd ├«n vedere c─â ├«n r├óndul minorit─â┼úii rome gradul analfabetismului este unul foarte ridicat, iar abandonul ┼čcolar ├«n r├óndul fetelor rome este foarte mare, cum se face c─â ezist─â ┼či cazuri, ca al dumneavoastr─â, ├«n care un reprezentant al acestei etnii ├«┼či face post-doctoratul ├«n SUA, la Harvard? Provin dintr-o familie modest─â, f─âr─â valen┼úe intelectuale. Sunt prima genera┼úie din familia mea care are studii superioare. De┼či p─ârin┼úii mei cuno┼čteau care este valoarea educa┼úiei, nu au avut ┼čansa s─â transforme asta ├«n realitate. In ceea ce m─â prive┼čte, cred c─â mi-am g─âsit mecanisme interioare de lupt─â personal─â cu societatea, cu discriminarea, ┼či cred c─â am reu┼čit, desi nu e tocmai simplu. Pentru ca un t├ón─âr rom s─â reu┼čeasc─â, trebuie s─â treac─â peste multe prejudec─â┼úi, at├ót ale profesorilor, c├ót ┼či ale colegilor.
Nu putem ignora situa┼úiile umilitoare prin care trebuie s─â treac─â adolescentulul rom la ┼čcoal─â. Mul┼úi profesori din Rom├ónia nu ├«n┼úeleg c├ót de greu ├«i este unui copil, unui adolescent rom s─â tr─âiasc─â printre majoritari care ├«i amintesc frecvent c─â vine dintr-un grup considerat "inferior" ┼či cum aceasta ├«ncepe s─â ├«┼či asume stigmatul.
Dac─â ai ┼čansa s─â ├«nt├ólne┼čti profesori dedica┼úi meseriei de dasc─âl, care in┼úeleg diferen┼úele culturale, dar care au ┼či a┼čtept─âri mai mari de la copii, atunci ┼čansele de performan┼ú─â sunt mai mari. Eu am avut noroc. La ┼čcoala general─â din localitatea 1 Decembrie, din jude┼úul Ilfov, am avut profesori extraordinari. O parte dintre ei ├«mi ofereau ore suplimentare, f─âr─â s─â-mi cear─â bani. Un astfel de exemplu este actuala directoare a ┼čcolii, care mi-a fost profesoar─â de fizic─â. Am avut ┼či o profesoar─â de etnie rom─â, care mi-a fost model. Nu ├«┼či asuma public etnia, dar noi ┼čtiam c─â este roma ┼či eu o apreciam foarte mult. Plus c─â, ├«n perioada comunist─â, nu erau permise manifest─âri rasiste din partea profesorilor. Totu┼či, acum educa┼úia din Rom├ónia este fragil─â, iar modul ├«n care se pred─â ├«n multe facult─â┼úi nu e tocmai pe placul meu. Pe mine m-a ajutat foarte mult felul meu de a fi. Am fost curioas─â s─â aflu c├ót mai multe, am fost autodidact─â , autocritic─â ┼či am devenit foarte exigent─â cu mine ├«ns─âmi. Am ├«nv─â┼úat singur─â lucruri care m-au interesat, de la filosofie ┼či politica, p├ón─â la arta.
Cum vede┼úi solutionarea c─âs─âtoriilor timpurii care au loc ├«n comunit─â┼úile tradi┼úionale de romi, care conduc la abandon ┼čcolar mai ales ├«n r├óndul fetelor rome?
Aceasta este o problem─â foarte serioas─â, pe care Rom├ónia, ca stat, nu a privit-o cu foarte mare interes. Aceast─â problem─â a devenit de interes o perioad─â foarte scurt─â, doar ├«n momentul c├ónd baroneasa Emma Nicholson a criticat ┼úara noastr─â pentru aceste practici. Rom├ónia nu are o politic─â clar─â care s─â diminueze acest fenomen, chiar dac─â atinge doar 6,6% dintre romi. Una dintre solu┼úiile rezolv─ârii acestei probleme o constituie accesul la ┼čcoal─â si promovarea educa┼úiei ├«n r├óndul fetelor. Cu c├ót merg mai mult la ┼čcoal─â, riscul de a se c─âs─âtori timpuriu ┼či de a abandona ┼čcoala scade.
Accesul la internet, tv, c─âr┼úi ajut─â de asemenea. Rezolvarea acestui fenomen cade ┼či ├«n responsabilitatea activi┼čtilor romi, care ar trebui s─â abordeze aceast─â problem─â nu numai la nivel declarativ, ci s─â treac─â la fapte concrete, la ac┼úiuni. Nu avem o mi┼čcare puternic─â a femeilor rome care s─â piloteze ÔÇťsolu┼úiile" ┼či nici lideri romi autentici, care prin mesajul lor s─â fie ni┼čte vectori de imagine pentru aceste comunit─â┼úi tradi┼úionale.
Ast─âzi, c├ónd se s─ârb─âtore┼čte Ziua Interna┼úional─â a Romilor, cum a┼úi caracteriza dumneavoastr─â situa┼úia actual─â a romilor din Rom├ónia? ├Än ultimii 20 de ani, s-au ├«nregistrat cateva progrese notabile, chiar dac─â au avut un impact asupra unui num─âr limitat de romi. ├Äns─â, ceea ce putem repro┼ča guvernului e faptul c─â la nivel de politici publice ne-am confruntat cu o lips─â cras─â de voin┼ú─â politic─â de a imbunatatii situatia romilor.
┼×i asta pentru c─â guvernan┼úii s-au obi┼čnuit s─â creeze documente la presiunea institu┼úiilor europene, doar pentru a le demonstra acestora c─â respect─âm valorile ┼či standardele democratice ale Uniunii Europene. Institu┼úiile statului care ar trebui s─â rezolve problemele romilor aleg func┼úionari care nu au expertiz─â ├«n acest domeniu sau au propriile stereotipuri ┼či prejudec─â┼úi legate de membrii acestei etnii, lucru care din start supune e┼čecului acel proiect.
Lucr├ónd mul┼úi ani cu reprezentantii statutului, am observat c─â cei mai multi nu ┼čtiu mai nimic despre romi ┼či cred c─â nu ne place ┼čcoala, nu ne place munca ┼či c─â totul se trage de la "cultura" noastr─â. Dac─â porne┼čti de la aceste premise, f─âr─â s─â iei ├«n calcul c─â peste 40% dintre copiii romi nu merg la ┼čcoal─â din cauza s─âr─âciei, iar 10% dintre ace┼čtia abandoneaz─â ┼čcoal─â din cauz─â c─â se simt discrimina┼úi ├«n ┼čcoal─â, atunci politicile tale vor da gre┼č.
Da┼úi-mi un exemplu de o m─âsur─â bun─â luat─â de Guvernul Rom├óniei pentru ├«mbun─ât─â┼úirea situa┼úiei romilor ┼či de o m─âsur─â gre┼čit─â, care a ├«nr─âut─â┼úit situa┼úia membrilor acestei etnii. O m─âsur─â bun─â e programul Ministerului Educa┼úiei prin care au fost alocate locuri speciale tinerilor romi la facult─â┼úi, ├«n licee ┼či ┼čcoli profesionale. Acest program e meritul profesorului Gheorghe Sar─âu, care cunoa┼čte foarte bine situa┼úie membrilor acestei etnii ┼či a elaborat o serie de m─âsuri coerente pe termen mediu si lung care au dat rezultate foarte bune. O m─âsur─â guvernamental─â g├óndit─â prost o reprezint─â implementarea Strategiei na┼úionale pentru ├«mbun─ât─â┼úirea situa┼úiei romilor, adoptat─â ├«n 2001, ┼či implicit ├«nfiin┼úarea Agen┼úiei Na┼úionale pentru Romi (ANR).
Dincolo de faptul c─â strategia a avut obiective utopice, nu se ┼čtie care a fost situa┼úia de unde s-a plecat ├«n elaborarea acesteia ┼či ce rezultate a avut. Rezultatele acesteia la nivelul comunit─â┼úilor de romi sunt apoapre invizibile. Evalu─ârile, dar ┼či reprezentan┼úii statului, promoveaz─â ca rezultate ├«nfiin┼úarea unor institu┼úii ca Agen┼úia Na┼úional─â pentru Romi ┼či Birourile Jude┼úele pentru Romi. Ori, angaja┼úii acestor institu┼úii nu ┼čtiu clar care e rolul lor, care e fi┼ča postului lor ┼či nici nu se prea v─âd roadele muncii ├«n comunit─â┼úi. ├Änfiin┼úarea ANR s-a f─âcut ├«n c├óteva zile, de pe o zi pe alta. ├Ämi amintesc c─â am primit la organiza┼úie un mail de la guvern ├«n care eram chema┼úi la o ├«nt├ólnire cu privire la ├«nfiin┼úarea acestei agentii ├«n ziua urm─âtoare. C├ónd faci o astfel de agen┼úie doar de fa┼úad─â ┼či ├«n mare grab─â, e greu s─â ai rezultate.
Apoi, politizarea institu┼úiei prin numiri care nu au ┼úinut cont de competen┼úa managerilor ┼či de expertiza lor, ci de alian┼úele politice, a condus la transformarea institu┼úiei ├«ntr-una de fa┼úad─â si cu competen┼ú─â foarte redus─â. Colaborarea ANR cu ong-urile rome ┼či cu ministerele a fost ┼či este un e┼čec. Prin urmare, rolul ANR la nivel de implicare public─â a fost decorativ
Ce m─âsuri prioritare crede┼úi c─â ar trebui s─â ia actualul guvern pentru a ├«mbun─ât─â┼úi situa┼úia romilor? Ar trebui s─â revizuiasc─â noua Strategie pentru ├«mbun─ât─â┼úirea situa┼úiei romilor, adoptat─â in 2011. Rom├ónia ar trebui s─â-┼či asume o politica public─â real─â, cu responsabilit─â┼úi clare ale autoritatilor centrale, regionale ┼či locale, cu buget definit, cu indicatori m─âsurabili ai progresului, cu monitoriz─âri periodice.
├Än opinia mea, Guvernul Rom├óniei nu ar mai trebui s─â-┼či paseze responsabilitatea pentru rezolvarea problemei romilor c─âtre societatea civil─â rom─â, a┼ča cum a f─âcut de prea multe ori ├«n ultimii 20 de ani. Aceast─â chestie o g├óndesc de obicei doar pe romi. Foarte mul┼úi guvernan┼úi au declarat public c─â de problema romilor ar trebui s─â se ocupe "ai lor", adic─â societatea civil─â rom─â. Simplul fapt c─â romii nu sunt v─âzu┼úi de reprezentan┼úii statului ca cet─â┼úeni rom├óni ne demonstreaz─â c─â ┼čansele romilor ├«n Rom├ónia sunt reduse.
├Än care domenii crede┼úi c─â este deficitar─â situa┼úia romilor? Sunt multe domenii, dar priorit─â┼úile setate de UE sunt legate de educa┼úie, s─ân─âtate, locuire ┼či locuri de munc─â. ├Än toate acestea avem o problem─â cu componenta de discriminare ┼či cu cea de egalitate de gen. De exemplu, avem o component─â de discriminare ├«n domeniul educa┼úiei, unde ne lovim ├«nc─â cu probleme de segregare ┼čcolar─â. Pe problema locurilor de munc─â, femeile ├«nt├ómpin─â dificult─â┼úi ├«n ob┼úinerea unui loc de munc─â.
Ce p─ârere ave┼úi despre ini┼úiativa actualului guvern de a ├«nfiin┼úa un liceu pentru tinerii romi? Decizia aceasta nu s-a bazat pe o viziune, nici m─âcar pe un concept simplu. Acest liceu a fost ├«nfiin┼úat exact ca ANR, de fa┼úad─â, de pe o zi pe alta. Reac┼úiile reprezentantului romilor ├«n Parlament la criticile Romani CRISS vis-a-vis de modul ├«n care au anun┼úat o astfel de decizie, relevant─â pentru adolescen┼úii romi, au fost lipsite de decen┼ú─â ┼či agresive. Totu┼či, nu a ┼čtiut clar ce fel de liceu poate sau vrea s─â fac─â, ba liceu cu linie de predare ├«n romani, ba liceu bilingv. ├Äntr-un exces de zel, s-a g├óndit s─â fac─â un colegiu, de parc─â dac─â renovezi o cl─âdire, po┼úi s─â ├«i spui colegiu, a┼ča pur ┼či simplu. Ori, pentru ca un liceu s─â devin─â colegiu na┼úional trebuie parcurse multe etape, multe acredit─âri etc.
Au dat-o ├«n bar─â ┼či de data asta la nivel de interes al adolescentilor romi, altfel b─ânuiesc c─â au avut niste negocieri politice benefice pentru c├ó┼úiva indivizi. Eu am fost ┼či am v─âzut unde vor ei s─â fac─â acest liceu. ├Än ce hal arat─â acea baz─â militar─â comunist─â e greu de explicat ├«n cuvinte. Apoi, domnul Pambuccian a declarat c─â liceul se adreseaz─â unei probleme sociale. Practic, marea problem─â este c─â reprezentan┼úii minorit─â┼úilor din Parlament nu fac diferen┼úa ├«ntre un drept garantat de Constitu┼úie, recte recunoa┼čterea drepturilor minorit├«┼úilor, ┼či incluziunea social─â a unui grup dezavantajat, marcat de o istorie a discrimin─ârii.
C├ót de important─â este educa┼úia pentru emanciparea etniei romilor?
Educa┼úia este extrem de important─â, deoarece ├«nseamn─â independen┼ú─â, at├ót ├«n g├óndire, c├ót ┼či ├«n alegeri personale ┼či profesionale. Educa┼úia mi┼čc─â lucrurile, ajut─â integrarea si mobilizarea civic─â. Este esen┼úial ca to┼úi copiii romi s─â mearg─â la ┼čcoal─â, s─â dezvolt─âm o genera┼úie de copii cu ┼čanse mai mari, competitivi ┼či care s─â ├«┼či apere onoarea, drepturile ┼či s─â ├«┼či asume apartenen┼úa etnic─â f─âr─â fric─â.
La multi ani de Ziua Internationala a Romilor! Mangas tumenqe but bersa angle and-o Internacionalo ges e rromenqe!
Dragi de toti, Iata, doamna Petronia Scripcariu, prof. insp. pentru rromi la ISJ Botosani, ne-a pus la dispozitie rezultatele Concursului National Scolar de Istoria si Traditiile Rromilor, desfasurat la Botosani, in perioada 8-12
aprilie 2012. Anterior, editiile s-au derulat astfel: Targoviste (2008), Timis (2009), Olt (2010), Suceava (2011).
Cea de-a V-a edi┼úie a a acestui important Concurs s-a bucurat de sprijinul ini┼úiatorilor ┼či partenerilor mai jos mentionati.
Multumim elevilor concurenti, profesorilor pregatitori, profesorilor insotitori, tuturor celor care au sprijinit, organizat si gazduit aceasta frumoasa competitie nationala, ce a reunit 32 de concurenti, din clasele a VI-a a XII-a, din 20 de judete!
In Romania, peste 8000 de elevi studiaza obiectul Istoria si traditiile rromilor, la clasele a VI-a si a VII-a (manual Sigma, realizat de Petre Petcut, Mariana Sandu si Delia Grigore, in 2005,
republicat anual, prin grija MECTS, alaturi de manualul initial - pilot, al acelorasi autori, editat cu suportul financiar al Reprezentantei UNICEF in Romania, in anul 2003)
De asemenea, peste 31.000 de elevi rromi studiaza 3-4 ore saptamanale de limba materna rromani si/sau de istoria si traditiile rromilor, dintre care cca 1000 de prescolari si elevi rromi se instruiesc integral in aceasta limba (in jud. Bacau, Bihor, Braila, Buzau, Calarasi, Hunedoara, Iasi, Timis s.a.). Numarul de profesori pentru aceste discipline este, anual, de aproximativ 550-600, iair cel al mediatorilor scolari care ajuta zilnic la deconstruirea absenteismului si abandonului
scolar in randul rromilor este de cca 420-500.
Nu in ultim rand, sa aratam ca intre 238.000 - 260.000 elevi si prescolari cu identitate rroma dezinvolt asumata au frecventat anual - in ultimii cinci ani - sistemul de invatamant preuniversitar, ceea ce inseamna o participare la nivel prescolar de aprox. 10% fata de ceilalti elevi de diferite etnii.
Cea mai buna participare scolara a rromilor se inregistreaza la nivelul cl. I-IV, sczand cu cateva procente la nivel gimnazial. Din pacate, numai 2% dintre
elevii intrati in clasa I ajung sa frecventeze si sa termine liceul.
Totusi, anual, MECTS asigura accesul tinerilor rromi in licee, la cl. a IX-a prin cca 2900-3400 de locuri distincte, respectiv sprijina admiterea rromilor pe locuri distincte in invatamantul superior (anual, intre 555- 611 locuri, in ultimii 5 ani), masura datand - pentru universitati din anul 1992 -, iar pentru invatamantul liceal din anul 1990, cu o revigorare din anul sc. 2000/2001.
┼×colar de Educa┼úie Incluziv─â Boto┼čani;
precum si profesorii de lb. rromani din judetul Botosani ( STEFAN NELU, RASCARACHE MARIA MIRABELA, LAZARICA LARISA, BORCOI JUPITER; mediatorii scolari: COBZARIU VIRGIL, AZULUFEI LARISA, SOTIR MIHAI, PATRASCANU VIRGIL, STOICA JULIETA, GORGAN MARGARETA, STOICA VIOREL, UNGUREANU NICU DAN, PRICOPE RODICA, PISLARIU MIRABELA).
Altor sprijinitori ai evenimentului s-au transmis multumiri scrise.
Rezultatele Concursului National de Istoria si Traditiile
Botosani, 8-12 aprilie 2012
Unitatea scolara de provenienta
7,40( sapte 40%)
Teoretic ÔÇťNicolae IorgaÔÇŁ
Teoretic ,,Nicolae IorgaÔÇŁ
Normala ÔÇťVasile LupuÔÇŁ
Normala ÔÇťVasile LupuÔÇŁ
Na╚Ťional ÔÇťArany JanosÔÇŁ
Na╚Ťional ÔÇťA. T. LaurianÔÇŁ
Prof. univ. dr. Gh. Sarau
Rezultatele Concursului National de Istoria si Traditiile
Botosani 8-12 aprilie 2012
Unitatea scolara de provenienta
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Fastaci
7,90 (sapte 90%)
ScoalaÔÇŁ Ion NeculceÔÇŁ
8, 50 (opt 50%)
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII nr.3
9,20( noua 20%)
Scoala Gimnaziala nr. 7 Tecuci
8, 20 (opt 20%)
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Boranesti
Scoala Generala ÔÇťStefan Cicio-PopÔÇŁ
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Ciochina
9, 00 (noua)
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Brosteni
9,50 (noua 50%
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII nr.12 Lugoj-Maguri
7, 00 (sapte)
Grup Scolar ÔÇťHoria Closca si CrisanÔÇŁ Abrud
7,50( sapte 50%)
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Plosca
9 ( noua)
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII ÔÇťDumitru I.Ionescu ÔÇťCalvini
9, 50 (noua 50%)
8, 40 (opt 40%)
Scoala cu clasele I-VIII Gulia
7, 50 (sapte 50%)
Prof. univ. dr. Gh. Sarau
Rezultatele Concursului National de Istoria si Traditiile
Botosani 8-12 aprilie 2012
Unitatea scolara de provenienta
cu clasele I-VIII Gulia
cu clasele I-VIII nr.1ÔÇŁ Sfin╚Ťii VoievoziÔÇŁ
For more than a thousand years, Roma people (including Travellers, Gypsies, Manouches, Ashkali, Sinti, etc.) have been an integral part of European civilisation. Today, with an estimated population of 10 ľ 12 million in Europe (approximately six million of whom live in the EU), Roma people are the biggest ethnic minority in Europe. Most Roma are EU citizens, yet many are still victims of prejudice and deep-rooted social exclusion.
The European Platform for Roma inclusion (or European Roma Platform) was created to help coordinate and develop policies for Roma integration and stimulate exchanges among EU Member States, international organisations and Roma civil society.
The Council conclusions of May and June 2011 on Roma integration, following the proposal from the European Commission on an EU Framework for national Roma integration strategies, mark an unprecedented commitment by EU Member States to promote the inclusion of Roma on their territory.
In this framework, all Member States are expected to present to the European Commission, a strategy for Roma inclusion or sets of policy measures within their social inclusions policies for improving the situation of Roma people.
Centrul Romilor pentru Politici de Sanatate ÔÇô SASTIPEN, in parteneriat cu Institutul National de Sanatate Publica, lanseaza al cincilea newsletter al Programului de Mediere Sanitara: Oportunitati de Crestere a Ratei de Ocupara in Randul Femeilor Rome. Veti gasi detalii despre desfasurarea activitatilor din cadrul proiectului.
Va invitam sa-l lecturati.
Ana-Maria Domiloiu Centrul Romilor pentru Politici de Sanatate - SASTIPEN
I regret to inform you that one of the most important Roma rights activists; Refika Mustafic, passed away today (10.04.2012).She was a strong advocate for equality and progress of Roma children, particularly in activities geared towards improving their education.She was the founder of Roma NGO ôRoma Education Centerö, the coordinator of the educational program at the European Roma Rights Center and a member of the board of the Minority Rights Center.She led the ERRC group to the World Conference against Racism in Durban, South Africa, August-September 2001. She was one of the most prominent advocates of Decade of Roma Inclusion.
She graduated university with a degree in Serbian language and Yugoslav literature. She was a poet and author of many publications on Roma culture.
Lastly, she was a nice person and my good friend.
Some people may spend a short in this world, but their works are so durable that they will be memorised in several generations.
Brussels, April 11, 2012: Marking the 41st anniversary of the International Roma Day, the representatives of the Forum of European Roma Young People (FERYP) and TERNYPE met with the President of the European Parliament Mr. Martin Schulz.
In a joint voice the Roma youth raised the attention of the President to a worrying raise of anti-gypsism in Europe and the need to address this situation.
The networks also brought to the attention of the president the fact that Roma youth needs are not addressed in the National Roma Integration Strategies submitted by Member States. The Roma strategies must do beyond education and employment measures. Fighting anti-gypsism and favoring the inclusion of the Roma youth should therefore be part and parcel of the next phase of the implementation; the networks suggested the Parliament to raise these issues in its next meetings, as a matter of urgency.
The strong need for supporting the higher education of young Roma was also emphasized, especially in the era when the youngsters are motivated to study, but living conditions are becoming more difficult. Better education leads to better possibilities in the labor market and to greater economic benefits for European societies.
Mr. Schulz, warmly welcomed the meeting with the delegation of young Roma representatives. He emphasized the high openness of the European parliament to address the situation of young Roma in Europe. Mr. Schulz was interested to hear that over 40% of Roma in SEE are youngsters below 22 years.
His cabinet will follow up on the possibilities suggested by the Roma youth networks on how to best address these issues through different committees of the European programs as well as possibilities to ensure active participation of Roma youth.
International Roma Day: The situation seen by our delegates in Eastern Europe
Published by Darcissac, Marion
Roma communities still represents the first minority in Europe. Considered to be stateless, they are victims of discrimination in all countries where they live, including in Switzerland. Their most basic rights are denied. Out of schools, children are reduced to begging in the streets and are at a higher risk of being enrolled in criminal networks. Many parents migrate with or without their children. In Romania, for example, the Government conducts a census of these ôchildren left behindö which are estimated to be about 350,000 in Romania. The children of these workers are sometimes abandoned or sent to placement centers and become targets for criminal networks and the sexual exploitation trade.
08/04/2012 - In Romania, Albania, Kosovo and now in Moldova, Terre des hommes supports children from marginalized communities so they can live decently now and it advocates with governments for their recognition and future. Activities are implemented to raise awareness in Roma communities about childrenĺs rights and needs. Micro-projects are developed and followed-up in families, remedial classes are organized, psychosocial activities and summer camps bring together children from different communities. With this integrated approach, at a community and national level, Terre des hommes aims to foster the social inclusion of Roma children and their families in a sustainable way.
Our delegatesĺ points of view.
Joseph Aguettant in Romania:
ôThe results of the latest population census (October 2011) are slowly coming in. Two facts are particularly striking: Romania has lost 3 million of its population whereas the ôminorityö Roma population continues to grow at a steady pace. Speculations have it that the Roma (the third ethnic group after Romanians and Hungarians) will become a ômajor minorityö so to speak, and eventually overtake the frontrunners. Statistical projections are easy to make and for everyone to see. This reality will force us, our children and grand-children, to use other words than the language of ôminoritiesö, not least derogatory terms, to speak about the Roma. In a matter of 4 or 5 generations they will be the majority. They will be the ones paying social and retirement benefits to other groups ľ or not. In fact, if large segments of the population are kept disenfranchised or on the margins of society, the whole system will collapse. The International Roma Day is an occasion to remember that social inclusion of the present and future generations of Roma children, primarily through early childhood development and primary schools, is one of the most important things to do in Europe in the XXIst century.
By working explicitly but not exclusively with the Roma, Terre des hommes takes its share of the much-needed efforts towards building a better future for Romanian children as a whole. Terre des hommes has adopted a community development approach which consists of work with and by the Roma, not ôforö them. Ultimately, community-based organisations supported by Tdh will take control of child protection, education and other activities in the communities. Our vision is to leave behind communities that will be able to support their own children, from prevention of abuse and exploitation or neglect, prevention of child trafficking, to parental education, health and psychosocial care."
Artur Marku in Kosovo:
ôSince the end of the conflict with Serbia in 1999, the situation of Roma communities hasnĺt really changed positively. During the last 12 years the degree of the discrimination and exclusion remained the same. Organized systematic ethnic cleansing took place in 1999 and 2004 where the Roma communities where the most affected. Despite their planned integration into the Kosovar society and their recognition in the Kosovar constitution, Roma communities continue to face many difficulties, such as segregation and discrimination, security, in housing, education, health, employment and social welfare. During last 3 years some initiatives were taken by International Organizations for the improvement of the living conditions of Roma communities, but yet those initiatives are limited to building houses and are not focused on the economical empowerment of the families.
Many camps around Kosovo continue to house thousands of Internally Displaced People, where 90% are from Roma community. Romani people continue to encounter hostility by the Kosovar Albanian population and authorities.
The Roma children are the first to suffer from those difficulties, being excluded from the educational system, not registered in civil statute centers, isolated in their camps, victims of exploitation and trafficking, abuse and neglect, etc."
Sendrine Constant in Albania:
ôWhile Roma communities continue to be marginalized throughout Albania and suffer various forms of discrimination, Tdh Albania supports Roma grass-roots organizations and in particular volunteers from the community, to become the active agents of change. Tdh does not speak on behalf of the Roma community, it helps Roma community members to speak out for themselves with dignity and to demand respect for their rights, through empowerment, bridging with institutions and government structures, supporting community mobilization. Thanks to small groups of Roma volunteers, trained and coached by Tdh over the years, in 2011 more than 150 children were directly identified and supported by Roma community members, as in need of birth registration, school enrolment, health support or protection from violence and exploitation, 82 families were assisted to access micro-loans to develop their own businesses and provide alternatives to poverty, 400 children participated in summer camps organized by community members, and representatives of the Roma community are contributing to local and regional government strategies on social protection and inclusion.
Particularly focusing on Roma women, those who previously had no opportunity to speak are now engaging in dialogues with their local government representatives, they are family bread-winners through Tdh-supported income-generating activities, and are actively informing their peers on burning child-protection issues within the community, such as education, early marriage, domestic violence, while their children are attending school and playing hand in hand with non-Roma children."
Roma Education Fund Romania and UNICEF Romania organised the third workshop from the series Current Challenges for Roma ChildrenÔÇÖs Access to Quality Education, focusing on the theme Early Childhood Development ÔÇô Reform Impact on Roma Communities.
The event was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sport who presented reform measures in the area of early childhood development programmes; moreover, a debate was launched about the impact of these measures on Roma children, which also featured discussions about parent education programmes. At the event there were also other governmental agencies and nongovernmental organisations which contributed to debates on themes that are very much on the map at the present, such as the preparatory grade and the latest developments in early childhood education programmes aimed at Roma communities. Research reports ÔÇô whose conclusions were delivered at the workshop ÔÇô indicate that early childhood education challenges for Roma communities include infant mortality rate, which is four times higher than the national average, low kindergarten enrolment, poor access to healthcare ÔÇô with only 50% of Roma children being included in immunisation programmes.
ÔÇťTo Roma Education Fund Romania, the early childhood development and education of children from Roma communities is a priority. We believe that any investment in Roma childrenÔÇÖs early childhood education yields incomparably greater outcomes ÔÇô from their school integration to successful lives. Our organisation supports a lowered school entry age and Roma childrenÔÇÖs access to early childhood development services and, therefore, we are in favour of the preparatory grade. With the debate we have started today, we would like future early childhood development policies to be put into practice more efficiently, in particular with regard to the accessibility, quality and equity of this type of services.ÔÇŁ, declared Eugen Crai, Roma Education Fund Romania Country Manager.
ÔÇťUNICEF pays special attention to the early childhood development issue because, in our vision, all young children, including Roma or disadvantaged ones, can develop to their full potential if they have a good start in life. Early interventions and provision of universal education and care services have an extraordinary impact on childrenÔÇÖs growth, particularly if we consider the strong link between investments in early childhood development, on the one hand, and inclusion and poverty alleviation, on the other. Within this context, parent education programmes are very important because they contribute to an improved family environment ensuring that the child receives all the support she/he needs for his or her balanced developmentÔÇŁ, declared UNICEF Representative in Romania, Edmond McLoughney.
The workshop Early Childhood Development ÔÇô Reform Impact on Roma Communities is part of the project Advocating for the Implementation of the New Law on Education carried out by Roma Education Fund Romania and UNICEF. The event was attended by decision makers from various ministries and public institutions involved in Roma childrenÔÇÖs quality education.
For more information:
Adina Ursulean, PR & Logistics Officer, Roma Education Fund Romania, Telephone: 0785.231.919, E-mail: adina.ursulean@...
Codruta Hedesiu, Communication Officer, UNICEF Romania, tel. 021.201.78.64, E-mail: chedesiu@...
TDM 2000 Romania will present a project about Migration issues for the 1st of May deadline. We are looking for partners to take part in this project which will take place in the fall of 2012 in the area of Iasi, Romania. Being an action 4.3 project we are looking only for partners from Programme countries.
ôFrom Babylon to Europeöľ Action 4.3 Training Course
ôFrom Babylon to Europe: Discovering different backgrounds in a common spaceö is a Training Course for young people, youth leaders and youth workers to discuss different Migration issues in their countries and in Europe in general. It will be realized in the fall of 2012 in Iasi, Romania, a country facing severe labor shortages and where Migration issues are on the front-burner, especially since the adhesion to the EU.
Thanks to the choice over non-formal education methods, we intend to actively involve the participants in the diverse working moments, sharing opinions, cooperating amongst themselves, learning from each other and ultimately conceiving project ideas together. Hence, we expect to generate an experience of great personal and professional growth with significant development of skills and competences that promote and facilitate the preparation and realization of projects and activities about Migration ľ at international or local level ľ by providing examples of the tools as well as the methods which may be used for the development of such projects.
So, with this project we expect to confront the participants with realities of discrimination on grounds of Nationality or origin, raising awareness to stereotypes and conflicts that may exist or emerge. Likewise we will discover differences between the Migration policies of our countries and explore the EUĺs and the Council of Europeĺs legislation, policies and strategies on Migration. Moreover, we also intend to foster a ôcan-doö attitude from the participants, creating tools to foster greater understanding, solidarity, justice and social cohesion in our societies, thus generating a sustainable multiplying effect in order to actively develop projects on this topic.
Dates:29th October ľ 7th November 2012
Location: Iasi, Romania Participation fee: Ç20 Target: Young people, youth leaders, youth workers, human rights activists [18+] Countries: EU member countries, Programme countries
Number of participants: 30 (3 per country)
If you are interested in participating please send the Partner Identification form in attachment to projects.tdm2000romania@...beforethe 22nd April 2012.