Lit candles in the Advent wreath --<br><br>A
wreath, usually of greenery, to which are attached
candles, was created by the reforming Lutheran paster
Johann Hinrich Wichern. In Hamburg in 1833 Wichern
opened the "Rauhe Haus" or Rough House, which sheltered
orphaned or neglected children. To make the Christmas
story more real to the children, every night of Advent
he would tell them stories, light candles and pray.
To accommodate the candles, a wheel-shaped
chandelier was built and decorated with ropes of evergreens.
Visitors were impressed with the display and the custom
spread. Eventually, those who imitated it reduced it in
size to four candles, one for each week of Advent.