--- In email@example.com
, hooligan@... wrote:
> It's the old NORAD/ADC HF radio facility for the Cheyenne Mountain
> Complex, probably dating back to the early 1960s as the Cheyenne Mountain Complex
> was being constructed, and probably deactivated in the late 1970s when
> fixed-SATCOM stations were making lots of people think HF/SSB was getting
> obsolete and their were improvements to telephone system redundancy.
> It was known as Operating Location Alpha Bravo, later just Operating
> Location Alpha & administratively it was an annex of Peterson AFB, about 150
> miles away. It was a 24/7 operation with a crew of about 18 people
> assigned, mostly radio ops, and then 5 or 6 radio maintenance troops. They did
> their own base civil engineering, unless it was a major job where specialists
> from Peterson would come down. There wasn't any billeting on-site.
> People lived in nearby Lamar. The guys put up a basketball hoop in the
> driveway, a horseshoe pit, BBQ pit, & a skeet range. They also planted some trees
> as a dire effort to make a windbreak -- the area gets very little rain,
> and wind-gusts would blow around dust that would get into their (tube)
> radios. Throughout the life of the place, most of their HF radio equipment
> dated back to the first generation of SSB radios that the USAF started fielding
> in the mid-1950s.
> They occasionally participated in Air Force MARS, Tactical Air Command's
> HF net (myself & hopefully some others here hopefully remember the
> FIRESIDE nets), and SAC's Giant Talk net, but their primary day to day mission was
> to maintain HF circuits (SSB voice for sure. unknown about record-mode)
> with a couple other key NORAD/ADC stations in the USAF & Canada,
> radio-checking them once an hour. Everything seems to indicate that the Lamar
> station was for both transit & receive, instead of it just doing one & a separate
> annex being elsewhere to do the other. However, I'd heard rumors that
> there was some sort of Cheyenne Mountain related radio annex in/near the
> community of Hugo, and Hugo also does or did have an AT&T-operated main junction
> facility with a hardened microwave node to/from Cheyenne Mountain.
> Circa 1998, there was still a faded sign up at the main gate which on
> which the original wording was:
> US AIR FORCE OL A B NORAD ADC TACTICAL RADIO STATION 47 COMMUNICATIONS
> but then painted atop it in a later era was:
> US AIR FORCE OL A NORAD COMBAT OPERATIONS CENTER HF TACTICAL RADIO
> STATION LAMAR COLORADO
> When my buddy Scott Murdock of _http://www.airforcebase.net_
> (http://www.airforcebase.net) fame first visited the site in 1998 it was clearly
> abandoned, mostly intact (antennas gone), & seemed to still be USAF/GSA
> When I finally got out that way to pay my respects, it was still pretty
> much unchanged, except that sign was gone, and there was a modest sign up
> on the door to the main building indicating the place was "JOURNEY For
> Life," which I later found out to be some sort of juvenile delinquent or
> substance abuse program, however, no one was there during my weekday afternoon
> I only spent about 45 minutes there before I prosecuted the adjacent
> AT&T facility, however, I noticed no signatures of any sort of underground
> facility at Lamar -- the three major structures all made perfect sense to me
> -- the main ops blockhouse, the emergency generator building, a garage-like
> building to store some sort of vehicle -- probably field-mowing or
> cherry-picker truck for antenna work, and then a sheet metal shed that had the
> signature of a typical water pumping well facility. I never hoped the fence,
> but I did walk around the compound's perimeter.
> Since the NORAD/ADC Combat Operations Center at Cheyenne Mountain was
> obviously hardened but we have no reason or evidence to believe any of the
> HF antennas at the OL were hardened, it wouldn't make a lot of sense to
> have a hardened, below-ground level at the Lamar site, though I'd love to be
> proven wrong.
> As to how the Lamar facility communicated with Cheyenne Mountain, I
> assume that the AT&T Lamar facility was directly involved with that -- L1
> coaxial cable & TD-2 microwave between the COC & ring of redundant AT&T nodes
> around Colorado Springs, and then those nodes having microwave & coaxial
> service on to the Lamar AT&T facility which is directly next-door to the old
> NORAD/ADC HF site.
> Page 181 of _Nuclear Battlefields_ by William Arkin & Richard
> Fieldhouse, 1985, ISBN 0-88730-002-2 claims this:
> Lamar AFS: NEACP/SAC airborne command post ground entry point. Terminal
> node of buried blast resistant coaxial cable providing communications to
> Cheyenne Mountain, 165 miles away, linked to AT&T hardened central office and
> and [sic] transcontinental hardened cable.
> We know that the USAF Lamar property was not designated as an Air Force
> Station, we know the MUX GEP was at the AT&T facility, and I assume that
> the hardened cable stuff also went to the AT&T site, with then a spur going
> to the USAF compound.
> While we're on this topic, USAF Real Property records, indicate that
> over the decades, there were several mysterious facilities in the Colorado
> Springs area that were related to the NORAD/ADC Combat Operations Center
> mission. Most may have been nothing more than USAF-owned microwave or land
> mobile radio sites, but it'd be nice to finally confirm or deny that.
> Quoting from 1998 email to me from Scott Murdock:
> "Colorado Springs Comms Facility Annex." activated 1 MAR 56 under Ent AFB
> [which was ADC HQ at the time], transferred to Peterson AFB on 18 JUL 75.
> "NORAD Combat Ops Center Site," 5 miles N of Colorado Springs, established
> 24 MAR 60 under Ent AFB, and "re-sited" in 1964. [Re-siting in '64 would
> coincide with the CMC being mission-ready, so this would have been perhaps
> a temporary COC location, thought to be on the grounds of the Air Force
> "NORAD Comms Facility Annex," 5 miles N of Colorado Springs, gained by Ent
> AFB on 9 APR 71 & transferred to Peterson AFB 18 JUL 75, transferred from
> ADC to SAC on 1 OCT 79. Installation Location Code is SAZX.
> "NORAD Comms Facility Annex #2," 1 mile W of Colorado Springs, gained by
> Ent AFB 1 JAN 72, transferred to Peterson AFB 18 JUL 75, transferred from ADC
> to SAC on 1 OCT 79. Installation Location Code is SAZX. [Different
> location, yet same installation code as the site listed above it!].
> Tim Tyler
> Strategic C3,I (especially comm sites & systems) geek
The Corral Bluffs site in a 2002 discussion thread seems to fit in here; anything new on Corral Bluffs since 2002?.
Here is some of the tariff data previousely posted:
32.7 Survivable Communications Network.
32.7.1. Survivable Communications Network - This network provides for the establishment of Microwave Radio channels to meet the unique needs of an agency of the United States Government.
The regulations associated with this network are those specified in Section 2 of this tariff.
A. Microwave radio channel between Corral Bluffs, CO and Cheyenne Mountain, Co.
B. Microwave radio channel between Corral Bluffs, CO and Peterson AFB, CO.
C. Microwave radio channel between Corral Bluffs, CO and Falcon AFB, CO.
One Time Special Construction Charges:
DECCO/3-11-94 Corral Bluffs, CO NRC-$819,402
DECCO/3-11-94 Corral Bluffs-
Cheyenne Mt., CO NRC-$427,987
DECCO/3-11-94 Corral Bluffs-
Falcon AFB, CO NRC-$512,000
DECCO/3-11-94 Corral Bluffs-
Peterson AFB, CO NRC-$341,020