... Bhadrapad Shukla Saptami, Vikram Samvat 2063, Budhvar 30th August, 2006, Wednesday Gist: Those who worship formless and attributeless possess trueMessage 1 of 1 , Aug 30, 2006View Source: Shree Hari :
Bhadrapad Shukla Saptami, Vikram Samvat 2063, Budhvar
30th August, 2006, Wednesday
Gist: Those who worship formless and attributeless possess true knowledge and discrimination between Body and Soul. The Body being made of 24 elements in Nature, has it's identity with Nature and thus it's evolutes such as desire, aversion, pleasure, pain, body consciousness and firmness etc. Whereas the Soul has it's identity with God. To acquire this knowledge, this discrimination between Body and Soul, God has identified 20 different methods in these verses.
Body (ksetra) and Soul (Ksetrajna) - Gita 13:1-7
Lord starts the thirteenth chapter of the Gita to explain the worship of Imperishable, Unmanifest. First God starts the topic of discrimination between Body (Ksetra) and Soul or Spirit (Ksetrajna).
Question: Oh Lord, those who are solely devoted to You endowed with attributes and form are extremely dear to You. But what about those who adore You as formless and attributeless?
Answer: Brother, they possess true knowledge (Discrimination). (Gita 13:1)
Question: Oh Lord, what is this discrimination about ?
Answer: It is about the Body and Soul. This body is said to be the "Field" (Ksetra) and one who knows this body, is called the "Knower of the Field" (Ksetrajna) by the wise. (Gita 13:1)
Question: What is the form of the knower of the field (Ksetrajna)?
Answer: Know Me to be the Knower of all the Fields (ksetrajna) in all the Bodies (ksetras). (This can be interpreted as - The body is a part of Nature (prakriti), whereas Soul is a part of God, therefore one must have inclination for God and disinclination for Nature. Another interpretation is that we have accepted an identification with the body (ksetra) by mistake, even though our identification with God is natural and axiomatic. Therefore know this for a fact.) (Gita 13:2)
Question: O Lord, what is that knowing that You speak off?
Answer: Body (ksetra) and Soul (kestrajna) are different; in my opinion to know this is real knowledge. It means that the Body (ksetra) has its identity with the world, while Soul (ksetrajna) has his identity with Me - experience this properly is knowledge in My opinion. (Gita 13:2)
Question: What are the different points which should be known for gaining knowledge of Body (ksetra) and Soul (ksetrajna)?
Answers: There are six points which should be known. Four of them are about Body and two are about Soul (ksetrajna). What that body is, what is it like, what its evolutes are and whence is what, and also who that Soul is and what his powers are - hear all this from Me in brief. (Gita 13:3)
Question: Where has this topic been described in detail, Oh Lord?
Answer: It has been described in detail by the seers and in different Vedic chants and also in the reasoned and decisive texts of the "Brahmasutras" separately. (Gita 13:4)
Question: What is that Body (kestra)?
Answer: The five subtle elements (ether, air, fire, water and earth), the ego, the intellect, Primordial Matter, the ten senses, the mind and the five objects of sense (sound, touch, color, taste and smell) these twenty-four constitute the Body (kestra). (Gita 13:5)
Question: What are the evolutes of that Field (ksetra)?
Answer: Desire, aversion, pleasure, pain, the body, consciousness and firmness - thus I have briefly described this Ksetra with seven evolutes (modifications). (Gita 13:6)
Question: How should I acquire the knowledge of the field / body (Ksetra), that it is different from knower of the field / Soul (kestrajna)?
Answer: Through -
1. Absence of Pride
2. Freedom from hypocracy
3. Non-violence with body, mind and speech
5. Straight forwardness of body, mind and speech
6. Service of the preceptor (teacher)
7. Purity of the body and mind
8. Steadfastness in spiritual discipline
10. Dispassion towards the objects of senses
11. Absence of Egoism
12. Constant perception of pain and evil inherent in birth, death, old age and disease 13. Absence of attachment
14. Non-identification of self with son, wife, home etc.
15. Constant equanimity both in favorable and unfavorable circumstance
16. Unflinching devotion to Me through exclusive attachment of mind to Me and indifference to the world
17, Nature of living in secluded place.
18. Distaste for the company of men
19. Constant meditation on God's existence
20. Observing God everywhere.
All this is declared knowledge, because by this knowledge the body will be perceived as "this", and different from the "Self" (Soul) and what is contrary to this is called ignorance, because with it one identifies the Self with the Body.
From "Gita Madhurya" in English by Swami Ramsukhdasji
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